The Obelisk of Theodosius is an ancient Egyptian red granite column created during the reign of Thutmose III in the 15th century BCE, with a marble base carved under the Byzantine emperor Theodosius in the late 4th century AD.

The hieroglyphics commemorate Thutmose III’s victory at the Battle of Megiddo. Greek and Latin inscriptions on the base commemorate Theodosius’ achievement in transporting the monument from Egypt to Byzantium.

The Theodosian frieze shows the emperor (elevated in the center) presiding over chariot games, the populace, and defeated barbarians with his imperial court.

The obelisk was erected in the Hippodrome of Constantinople, an important Constantinian addition to the city that served as a means of public entertainment, imperial presentation, and public dialogue.

Currently located in Istanbul.