Tabula Peutingeriana

A map of the Late Roman Empire. Buildings mark major cities and sites. Rome, Antioch, and Constantinople are marked by enthroned figures. Forests, mountains, and water are signified. Places that no longer existed by the 5th century, such as Pompeii, are still labelled. Due to the map’s geographical distortion, it may have been used as a way to quantify and glorify their Empire rather than for practical navigation.

Ink and pigment on a seven meter parchment scroll. Copied in the 1200s by a German monk.

Designed in the 400s; an isolated example of Late Roman cartography. After being discovered by Renaissance humanists, the map bounced around Europe then was purchased by the Hapsburg imperial court. It is currently held in the National Library of Austria.